Tutorial

ONNX Runtime provides an easy way to run machine learned models with high performance on CPU or GPU without dependencies on the training framework. Machine learning frameworks are usually optimized for batch training rather than for prediction, which is a more common scenario in applications, sites, and services. At a high level, you can:

  1. Train a model using your favorite framework.

  2. Convert or export the model into ONNX format. See ONNX Tutorials for more details.

  3. Load and run the model using ONNX Runtime.

In this tutorial, we will briefly create a pipeline with scikit-learn, convert it into ONNX format and run the first predictions.

Step 1: Train a model using your favorite framework

We’ll use the famous iris datasets.

<<<

from sklearn.datasets import load_iris
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split
iris = load_iris()
X, y = iris.data, iris.target
X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(X, y)

from sklearn.linear_model import LogisticRegression
clr = LogisticRegression()
clr.fit(X_train, y_train)
print(clr)

>>>

    LogisticRegression()

Step 2: Convert or export the model into ONNX format

ONNX is a format to describe the machine learned model. It defines a set of commonly used operators to compose models. There are tools to convert other model formats into ONNX. Here we will use ONNXMLTools.

<<<

from skl2onnx import convert_sklearn
from skl2onnx.common.data_types import FloatTensorType

initial_type = [('float_input', FloatTensorType([None, 4]))]
onx = convert_sklearn(clr, initial_types=initial_type)
with open("logreg_iris.onnx", "wb") as f:
    f.write(onx.SerializeToString())

>>>

    

Step 3: Load and run the model using ONNX Runtime

We will use ONNX Runtime to compute the predictions for this machine learning model.

<<<

import numpy
import onnxruntime as rt

sess = rt.InferenceSession("logreg_iris.onnx")
input_name = sess.get_inputs()[0].name
pred_onx = sess.run(None, {input_name: X_test.astype(numpy.float32)})[0]
print(pred_onx)

>>>

    [0 1 0 0 1 2 2 0 0 2 1 0 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 0 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 0 2 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0
     1]

The code can be changed to get one specific output by specifying its name into a list.

<<<

import numpy
import onnxruntime as rt

sess = rt.InferenceSession("logreg_iris.onnx")
input_name = sess.get_inputs()[0].name
label_name = sess.get_outputs()[0].name
pred_onx = sess.run(
    [label_name], {input_name: X_test.astype(numpy.float32)})[0]
print(pred_onx)

>>>

    [0 1 0 0 1 2 2 0 0 2 1 0 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 0 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 0 2 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0
     1]